Collective models of the household have become the go-to framework for intra-household allocations. Available empirical collective models sort household members into types such as women or boys and effectively return estimates for groups of members where multiple members are of the same type. They also remain high-dimensional and unwieldy in application. A new assumption about how allocations change with household composition allows the estimation of truly individual resource shares in a parsimonious model that makes full use of data from arbitrarily composed households. It also replaces previous models’ identifying assumptions across members or household structures and removes the need to classify household members into types. Individual-level data on food consumption from Bangladesh is key to this endeavor. The resulting estimates allow a detailed and precise description of the age profile of resource allocation in rural Bangladeshi households using a new measure of resource allocation that summarizes an individuals’ expected consumption relative to others as a function of their characteristics.
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